8. His treatment with the Hindus was very tolerant. We find that that conflicts were both inter-religious and intra-religious. Akbar was an imperialist. His reversal of Akbar’s policy of religious toleration resulted in weakening the entire structure of the Mughal empire. The great Mogul discoursing with a … This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Akbar had been brought up in an atmosphere surcharged with conflicting religious influences. The term was wrongly translated by scholar Vincent Smith as the House of Worship. Scholars like S. Rizvi and Athar Ali see it as representing a much wider change in Akbar’s perspective on religion and the development of his religious ideas. As the empire expanded, it now included people of different faiths. His father was a Central Asian Sunni given to belief in super­stitious mysticism. Akbar was a pious Muslim but after marrying Jodha Bai of Amber, he abolished pilgrim tax. Akbar made a friendship with the Rajput kings and took advantage of the superior and self-respecting Rajput heroes, so that the Mughal Empire could survive for a … Akbar’s attitude towards his Hindu subjects was guided by the policy of Sulhi-kul.2. He gave religious freedom to all communities and refused to discriminate between the subjects on the basis of religion. Th Religious Policy of Akbar was liberal. So it was natural for Akbar to be influenced by contemporary ideas and values. Akbar, in full Abū al-Fatḥ Jalāl al-Dīn Muḥammad Akbar, (born October 15?, 1542, Umarkot [now in Sindh province, Pakistan]—died c. October 25, 1605, Agra, India), the greatest of the Mughal emperors of India.He reigned from 1556 to 1605 and extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent. For example, Todar Mai was his Finance Minister. Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers. This period is also characterized by the discussions held at the  Ibadat Khana, established by Akbar at Fatehpur Sikri in 1575, after the Gujarat campaign. Scholar I.A. Akbar is seen as one of the greatest ruler of the Mughal dynasty  in India and was celebrated for his liberal ideas and religious policies based on mutual understanding. Discuss the religious policy of akbar. Akbar‟s religious policy basically based on the doctrine of Sulh-i Kul which means universal peace as well as tolerance for every individual. In the first 20 years of his reign, he made serious departures from the traditional Sunni system of government. Khan opines that Mahzar can only be understood if we look at Akbar’s general attitude of promoting and befriending the Indian Muslims. He followed the policy of “Sulh-i-Kuls” or peace with all. This weakened the power of the Rajputs to offer him resistance. Akbar was born and brought up in comparatively liberal surrounding. I.A. PHASE II: Discussions/Apathy to Islam A change can be seen in Akbar’s religious beliefs around 1573 onwards. Abu Faz’l informs us about the abolishment of jiziya in the year 1564, and also the abolishm… Three great scholars and liberal minded Sufis i.e. Akbar’s interest in the Hindu Society led to some awakening regarding the evils of the Sati practice etc. He also divides Akbar’s reign in the context of his religious ideas into 3 phases. Four pillars of Akbar’s religious policy: Akbar’s religious policy was based on the following four pillars: Factors influencing Akbar’s Hindu Policy: The 16th century when Akbar was born, brought up and lived was marked by a new awakening of broad- mindedness. Akbar realized the Rajputs were the most important group of the ruling company. Akbar married Jodha Bai, daughter of Bihari Mai of Amber. It was also known as the principle of peace with all, ie peaceful behavior with all. Akbar, during former years of his reign was a staunch follower of Islam and was closely associated with the ulama  who dominated the court at that time. There is also a tentativeness in the manner in which he dealt with different groups. Soon after Din-i Ilahi, Akbar introduced  Sulh-i kul as the official policy of the empire. This also formed the basis for Akbar's policy of religious toleration. So he decided to follow a diplomacy and friendship Raj in India. It states that like god, a king should  not discriminate, in giving his  rewards amongst his subjects , on the basis of religion they follow. Despite these measures in favour of the Hindus, in the early phase of his reign Akbar remained largely Islamic. Many historians have provided different opinions on the meaning and its consequence. Akbar’s growing awareness of repercussions of the traditional orthodox Sunni dominance over his administration compelled him to an active search for new solutions. Akbar’s Religious Policy: Akbar is known for his liberal ideas and liberal religious policy. Akbar is considered one of the greatest ruler of the Mughal period. Thus, ulama had full control over affairs and  were never satisfied with Akbar’s concessions. TOS4. Akbar had a keen interest in the religious and intellectual debates and disccusions, and thus took part in them in the hope that he would educate himself in spite of the fact that he never got a chance to formally edcuate himself. The proceedings at Ibadat Khana were initially confined to Muslims only.3. & his reforms Akbar’s contact with the Rajput’s made him liberal. Relation with Hindus. In consonance with that policy, Akbar adopted a policy of universal religious toleration. He was convinced that he could not establish a strong empire without the cooperation of the Hindus who formed the majority of his subjects. Answer: For religious knowledge of Akbar there were many debates took place in the ibadat khana at Fatehpur Sikri between learned Muslims, Hindus, Jainas, Parsis and Christians. Culturally, The Hindus and Muslims came closer. He started a new religion called Din-i- Ilahi which included the good points of all religions. Rajput Policy of Aurangzeb. (House of Lordship). Scholars have understood Akbar’s religious policies in diverse manners. One of the major intra-religious conflict was between the Shia and Sunni sects. Akbar’s religious policy encouraged a broad religious outlook. Akbar was a devout visitor to the holy places and tombs of Muslim saints. Matrimonial alliances with the Hindus: He established matrimonial relations with the Hindus. At the time of Akbar's death in 1605 there were no signs of discontent amongst his Muslim subjects, and the impression of even a theologian like Abdu'l Haq was that close ties remained. He wanted to work out a synthesis of all religions. 3. Asked by Farihafatma02 21st December 2018, 8:02 PM. The nobility in this part was also dominated by Muslims. Around the same time, in 1569, a  farman was issued to the  Muhtasib of Bilgram, to stamp out all kinds of infidel worship (idol worship) in his pargana. RELIGIOUS POLICY The religious policy of the Mughal emperors was, on the whole, a tolerant one. Rizvi said, the real significance of Mahzar, it seems, was that  it was the first effective declaration of the principles of sulh-i kul which Akbar had decided to implement firmly. In Akbar’s early years, this easily identifiable class was not well inclined to Mughal rule and could be easily be accused of disloyalty as well as of unorthodoxy. In the first phase (1556-1574), Akbar seems to be in agreement with the Islamic orthodoxy. 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