The term caste was first used by Portuguese travelers who came to India in the 16th century (see Spice Trade in India).Caste comes from the Spanish and Portuguese word “casta” which means … Society was divided into strict compartments and those belonging to higher castes exploited the lower-caste people. Suppose your father was a blacksmith, so at the age of 6, the moment you were ready, you started playing around with the hammer and anvil. … The caste system prohibited marriages outside one's caste to avoid inter mixture of the castes (varna samkaram), which was considered to be a sign of decline of dharma and the very reason why the caste system was devised. The caste system promoted public order and was very rigid, with a few exceptions. The segregation of people based on their Varna was intended to decongest the responsibilities of one's life, preserve the purity of a caste, and … The religious theory claims that the Varnas were created from the body of the Brahma, the creator of the world. The Caste System and Ancient Indian Society.. Varna: Brahmins-Priests, Kshatriyas- warriors, Vaishyas-merchants, Sundras-farmers, Dalits-"untouchables"(outside the system) Jati: Local sub-groups at the Varna level that marry within the group, hundreds of such local groups. Caste and Class Structure in Colonial Spanish AmericaDuring most of the colonial era, Spanish American society had a pyramidal structure with a small number of Spaniards at the top, a group of mixedrace people beneath them, and at the bottom a large indigenous population and small number of slaves, usually of African origin. Sikh Caste System: Guru Gobind Singh created Khalsa and banned the use of castes and surnames. There are different theories regarding the origin of the caste system in India. The caste system in India is an important part of ancient Hindu tradition and dates back to 1200 BCE. … Many believe that the groups originated from Brahma, the Hindu God of creation. The Shudras and untouchables had to perform all the menial tasks. A person born in one caste was doomed to remain in it forever. The caste system divides Hindus into four main categories - Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras. However, after Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the Britishers under the garb of census asked for the surname for official records to be actually used for identification purposes. He titled all Sikhs as either Singh (Lion) or Kaur (Princess). kschlim. The chart to the left illustrates the hierarchy of the caste system, and it provides an idea of how many people were in each caste compared to another. ... 2 components of the caste system? Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. The law books allowed certain types of inter-caste marriages as an exception rather than rule. The caste system in ancient India had been executed and acknowledged during, and ever since, the Vedic period that thrived around 1500-1000 BCE. Created by. The caste system resulted in lot of evils because of its rigid rules. In Caste: The Origins of Our Discontents, the Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist examines the laws and practices that created a bipolar caste system in the U.S. — and how the Nazis borrowed from it. The Indian caste system: Modes of training This whole caste system in India came when there were no formal training centers for any particular profession. 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