Census records allow you to view other family members who were present on the day of the census, typically these will be siblings or parents. Of the evacuees, there were 5,000 schoolchildren who left with their teachers, leaving their parents behind. The story of the Nazi occupation is told at the Occupation Museum located near the airport. 17 Squadron RAF and No. By mid May 1940 the news was not good; Germans were fighting in France and individuals as well as whole families were making plans and taking the ferry to England. Ships urgently needed to evacuate soldiers from France in Operation Ariel, were diverted to help civilians in the Channel Islands. Tomato trucks awaiting export are heavily bombed by German aircraft killing 33 people and injuring many more, these attacks then continue at several other sites across the island. Some mothers with little ones decided to leave at the same time. On 19 June 1940, parents were told to register their children to be evacuated and some were sent away the very next morning. [10]:80–81 No hospital ship had arrived to take the elderly and sick away. German troops landed in Guernsey on 30 June 1940. 1851 census 3. It quickly became popular by the thousands of Channel Island people living in the UK. Other primary schools managed to keep pupils together and established themselves in several small communities. [2], Those that joined the armed forces were subject to the usual war risks, those that worked in the UK, whether in war industries or elsewhere were, just like the children, subject to the risk of bombing. [10]:81 The civil service could not cope and scared of potential riots with desperate people trying to get on ships, announcements that it was best to stay in the island resulted in only about 1,000 Jersey children being evacuated with their parents and 67 teachers. [2], Children who had not seen their parents for five years often did not recognise them. Although slow and limited, it kept vital contacts and reduced fear of the unknown. Copyright © Historic UK Ltd. Company Registered in England No. The materials and effort spent on the Atlantic Wall was totally disproportionate to the strategic importance of the islands but Hitler was convinced that the British would try to recapture them. A higher percentage of serving people from the islands had died per head of prewar population than in the United Kingdom. Guernsey populated areas in red, dark red higher. Guernsey is easily accessible by both air and ferry, please try our UK Travel Guide for further information. [18] He stayed for lunch whilst waiting for the plane to be refuelled, before flying on to London. ... Plaque to the memory of Guernsey civilians killed, particularly in the 28 June 1940 bombing raid. Guernsey's population decline is continuing, according to the island's first electronic census report. L'occupation des îles Anglo-Normandes renvoie à la période de l'histoire où les îles Anglo-Normandes furent militairement occupées par l'Allemagne pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, ce qui fit d'elles les seuls territoires des Îles Britanniques à avoir été envahis par la Wehrmacht.Cette occupation couvre la période allant du 30 juin 1940 à la libération, le 9 mai 1945. R.A.F. The Bailiwic… On 11 June, the British War Cabinet considered that Hitler might occupy the Channel Islands to “strike a blow at our prestige by the temporary occupation of British territory”. As soon as the majority of the first wave had departed, ships were made available for anyone else who wished to depart, however with the fear of ships being mobbed, riots amongst travellers and in the empty towns, with looting of empty houses and shops, as had happened in France on the Channel coast, the authorities pushed the message that 'staying was best', with posters saying "Don’t be yellow, stay at home",[11]:12 (the "patriot" responsible for this poster fled to England). [10]:84 Several ships, including the Guernsey lifeboat,[17] were machine gunned by German aircraft however with enemy aircraft and submarines operating in the Channel, it was lucky that no evacuation ship was sunk. Some put up with, even though they hated the experience, most of the children had nobody to talk to about problems and abuse. [8]:193 Amongst those who stayed were a number from the Castel school, who through a misunderstanding about the boat departure time, missed the sailing. In June of 1940 approximately 17,000 people (almost half the population of Guernsey) left the island, just days after hearing that the Germans were planning to invade the island. By spring 1940 the islands were advertising themselves as holiday destinations. [13]:137 Other military planes were using the Islands, on 17 June 1940, a de Havilland Dragon Rapide DH.89 plane arrived in Jersey from Bordeaux evacuating Général de brigade Charles de Gaulle from France. [34] The BBC also produced a film of the evacuees showing a rally on 19 June 1943 in the Belle Vue Stadium in Manchester that was attended by 6,000 islanders. 1841 census 2. Some mothers travelling with children whose husbands either stayed in the islands or had joined the armed services initially found attempts were made to take their children away as it was considered they could not possibly look after them with their husbands away. Up to the year 1940 the main source of income was from the specialised growing of tomatoes. Even so, holidaymakers were still coming to the islands. It might take months for a message to arrive although a few of them took only weeks. The wartime regulations meaning that anyone travelling between Guernsey and England needed a passport or permit card were abolished. Not knowing that on 15 June the British Army commanders had decided the Channel Islands were not defensible, the islanders were surprised to see the resident army units quickly depart on ships, with all of their equipment, the islands were being abandoned. 1. Many adults returned at the same time as the schoolchildren, but some who had volunteered for the armed services were demobbed in 1946. Lapel badges were produced to help islanders recognise other evacuees. Guernsey Towns and Parishes. This is the population pyramid for Guernsey. [22]:146 Some who returned found the men whom they had left in the islands had formed a relationship with another woman. Children from Manchester had recently been evacuated to Canada, as that city was not considered safe, they were replaced by Channel Island children. Most civilians who were evacuated went to England. [25], It was initially limited to 10 words per letter but was later changed to 25, which was the standard for lrisoners-of-wars. Some evacuees had brought an elderly relative with them. [6]:47 Eighteen ships sailed on 21 June from Jersey including the SS Shepperton Ferry carrying military stores and 400 evacuees. The islands and the British military began the evacuation following the Allies loss in the Battle of France, after which the British Army withdrew from the islands.[1]. Lewis machine guns on the ships opened fire, to no visible effect. In 1821 the population of Guernsey was 20,302 with over 50%, 11,173 living in St Peter Port. Families that had owned no property in the islands had found jobs and houses, and some youngsters had found employment and love in their evacuation towns. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. 5,000 schoolchildren evacuated from Guernsey and 1,000 stayed with 12 teachers. 1861 census 4. Content Detail; Related Links; Comments and Questions; Share; For Europe Map 1940 Map, Direction, Location and Where Addresse. [33] See also 'Guernsey Evacuees: The Forgotten Evacuees of the Second World War' by Gillian Mawson, (History Press, 2012), The BBC recorded island children singing for a Christmas 1942 radio broadcast. [23], In London, 20 Upper Grosvenor Street was the contact address for islanders, provided a legal bureau and held records for 30,000 Channel Islanders who could be found. Read Islander's first hand accounts and find out more about the history inspired The Guernsey Literary & Potato Peel Pie Society. There were 5,000 Guernsey children with their teachers and 500 mothers who became teaching assistants. By the beginning of June, the evacuation of Dunkirk was the main topic of conversation, resulting in more people considering leaving the Channel Islands. [1] Some children and families kept contact, and many held fond memories and grateful thanks for the northern people who showed so much kindness. States vote to allow more Police Officers to use Tasers. Guernsey's population is forecast to increase to a maximum of 64,000 people by 2034. : 42. Guernsey censuses can be found on Ancestryin Channel Islands census record collections: 1. That night the Isle of Sark sailed for England with 647 refugees, she was the last ship to sail, its Captain, Hervy H. Golding being awarded an OBE for his actions that day.[16]. One, Paulette, was a Guernsey evacuee who referred to her as "Auntie Eleanor who lived in the White House". [31] Philippe William Luce founded the Vancouver Society for the 500 Channel Islanders who lived in the area, who collected many thousands of dollars and hundreds of crates of clothing and shoes to send to England. Guernsey Population: 67,052. The Islands of Guernsey are what’s known as an ‘archipelago’ – a collection of islands located on the English Channel between England and France. Channel Island refugees could not write or receive letters to people at home, as their homes were now occupied by the enemy. Requisitioned in 1939 as a troopship, she transported 1,800 schoolchildren from Guernsey to Weymouth. From other local news sites. The first edition, a four-page sheet, appeared in May 1941. Of the population of 40,000, 17,000 were evacuated to England. [23], The British hovernment had opened up an evacuation account for each of the bailiwicks of Guernsey and Jersey to which certain costs could be charged, such as the cost of the evacuation ships, rail travel and the education costs of children. "[1] Messages ceased shortly after 6 June 1944, when the islands were cut off and isolated. She kept many special customs, laws and names. People began to return in July and August 1945, with some children taking their northern accents with them. The islands ended the war with a debt of £9,000,000, which the British government hoped would be repaid. Of those who had stayed in the islands, a higher percentage of civilians died in the islands per head of prewar population than in the United Kingdom. There were concerns over helping Channel Island private schools with their costs, as British private schools received no help when evacuated from cities. By 1943 over five thousand foreign slave workers were working on Guernsey, many of whom lost their lives from exhaustion and starvation. [28]:33, The Stockport and District Society was founded in January 1941, when 250 prospective members attended the first meeting. Deemed of little strategic importance by the British, the islands were not to be defended and in the preceding 10 days some 17,000 civilians had been evacuated, mostly to England. Europe Map Help To zoom in and zoom out map, please drag map with mouse. One family that had two boys in England received the message "Your son died in England. Some schools decided to relocate in total whereas others had their children scattered amongst local schools all over England, Scotland and Wales. Although Winston Churchill was reluctant to lose control of the Crown’s oldest possession, the Islands offered no strategic benefit to Britain. Some gave away furniture and belongings, some gave it to someone for safe storage,[6]:40 others simply walked away, leaving dirty dishes in the sink and food on the table. 25 ships took people from Guernsey on 21 June alone,[10]:82 ships like the SS Viking, built in 1905, and which served as HMS Vindex until 1918. Channel Island refugees could not write or receive letters to people at home, as their homes were now occupied by the enemy. The occupants of the Channel Islands became involved in European events of 1938–39 only as distant and worried listeners to the radio and readers of newspapers. In Jersey, where the school children were on two weeks holiday to help with the potato harvest, everyone who wished to leave was asked to register, queues quickly appeared, with 23,000 eventually registering. Fortress Guernsey is a conservation programme started in 1993 and has been responsible for the restoration of several German watch towers and bunkers which are now open to the public. [29], It did not close, and the 20-24 page Review was published with up to 5,000 copies a month posted out to subscribers, including servicepeople all over the world.[2]. [32], A "Foster Parent Plan for Children Affected by War" was originally created in 1937 to help children in the Spanish Civil War, with Americans adopting a child and providing money for education and clothing. The essentials. Channel Island Community Website: www.islandlife.org, All photographs © States of Guernsey Tourist Board. Those who had been evacuated were told that it was tougher in the islands. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) 1940 January. [23] Islanders were not shy in volunteering for Air Raid Precautions (ARP), Auxiliary Fire Service (AFS), Home Guard or Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) duties in their spare time. Eleanor Roosevelt adopted three children in 1942. To islanders, the tiny link was a saviour. The psychological damage changed many evacuees, especially children and particularly those deprived of their parents, teachers, siblings and friends for five years. Of the population of 40,000, 17,000 were evacuated to England. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. [2], Just because thousands had managed to cross the English Channel safely did not mean they would have a safe war. [22]:143, Women whose husbands were still in the islands were told they were not allowed to rent accommodation, so found they had to match up with a woman whose husband was in the armed services and share a house. The society accumulated over 1,000 books published during the war to restock the island libraries after the war. Although Winston Churchill was reluctant to lose control of the Crown’s oldest possession, the islands offered no strategic benefit to Britain. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. PARISH INTRODUCTION + Wikiwand; BAPTISMS 1890-1907 + Family Search; INTERNATIONAL GENEALOGICAL INDEX + FamilySearch; BAPTISMS + RootsWeb's WorldConnect Project; MARRIAGES + RootsWeb's WorldConnect Project; BURIALS + RootsWeb's WorldConnect Project ; 1851 Census 1861 … Some houses were not good, previously condemned, damp or bug ridden. Guernsey has had a concern about population and there has been legislation relating to it since the 1940’s. In the end, four-fifths of the children and almost half of Guernsey’s population were evacuated before the occupation. During 1940 – 1945, the islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops and huge numbers of defensive positions were built as part of Hitler’s Atlantic Wall. Women who had become used to working found no jobs available in the islands apart from scrubbing floors.[22]:147. [19], 319 people evacuated the islands on five civilian de Havilland Express DH-86 aircraft, between 16 and 19 June, landing in Exeter.[10]. A room called Le Coin became a home away from home for anyone passing through the capital wanting to meet other Islanders. Former population censuses in Germany were complete enumerations obtained directly from the entire population in personal interviews or by questionnaire. 1891 census 7. Guernsey, Channel Islands : Classification : Census. Population Pyramids: Channel Islands - 1950. • With zero migration, Guernsey’s population would decline to just fewer than 45,000 (i.e. The Channel Islands came under the British crown when William, Duke of Normandy invaded England in 1066 and seized the crown. 1911 census 9. The Guernsey Literary and Potato Peel Pie Society is in cinemas now. Over the years ending September 2016, 2017 and 2018, the annual changes were -0.1%, 0.0% and 0.5% respectively. Some certainly did, however it came as a surprise to find out later that others had decided not to leave or who were barred from entering the United Kingdom, because they were "aliens", resulted in around 20 people the Germans would define as "Jewish" becoming trapped in the islands. The fact that Guernsey was loading ships with tomatoes rather than people indicates the lack of panic; ships from Guernsey and Jersey designated to carry evacuees were sometimes packed, but others did not sail to their full capacity. [1], For British foster parents, the trauma of losing the children they had looked after and grown to love could be just as bad. German Military Underground Hospital Rue Des Buttes, St Andrews. People could take just one suitcase. The number of messages that one could send was limited, and replies had to be on the back of the original message. The Channel Islands came under the British crown when William, Duke of Normandy invaded England in 1066. Upon arrival in England, the Guernsey school children were met with mountains of jam sandwiches, bread and butter and tea,[10]:82 before being given a medical and put on crowded blacked out trains, machines most island children had never seen before,[20] to be transported north. The reasons why people stayed or evacuated were personal, ranging from fear of the unknown to noble thoughts of continuing the fight with England. In May 1940, as Germany invaded France, fears arose in Guernsey that a German invasion might take place. At Europe Map 1940 pagepage, view political map of Europe, physical map, country maps, satellite images photos and where is Europe location in World map. This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 20:29. The occupation began on the 30th of June, 1940, when the British Government decided to demilitarise the Channel Islands, effectively leaving them undefended. Au-delà des dégâts matériels, la guerre a un énorme impact sur la population, les traditions et la langue. 90% of all Channel Island evacuees were taken to Weymouth Harbour, Dorset. Participants included film stars. The islands dealt with around 1 million messages, each of them costing 6d.[26]. 1881 census 6. The evacuation occurred in phases, starting with school aged children, their teachers, and mother volunteers. Alderney celebrates Homecoming Day on December 15th. However by the end of December, a life saving Red Cross ship, the SS Vega, docked at St Peter Port with much needed supplies and was to make several more trips up to May 1945. Everyone fleeing the islands left behind friends and relatives. [1] Not being able to live on the public assistance monies, one mother would look after the children whilst another mother went out to work, sometimes both worked, one doing a night shift and the other a day shift.[1]. Houses, cars and businesses were abandoned by those evacuating. The declaration of War by Britain on 3 September 1939 increased the concern. GUERNSEY’S population has risen by 242 to 62,307, according to the latest electronic census data. [2] The Mayor of Bolton had threatened the islands with another invasion after liberation, as so many Lancashire holidaymakers would want to see the islands about which they had heard so much. All messages were routed via the International Red Cross headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, which dealt with 24 million messages during the war. The BBC then announce the demilitarisation of the island on the 9 o`clock news. The withdrawal of cash from banks was limited to £20 per person. In 1941, negotiations allowed the International Red Cross message system, which was designed primarily for use by captured soldiers, to include civilians in the Channel Islands. 2020 Population of Guernsey. Others used empty shops as nothing else was available. 1940 28th JUNE - Air attack over St Peter Port harbour. Originally intended as shelters for large numbers of troops, these tunnels are virtually complete. Some locked their front doors, some did not, reasoning that someone would break the door to get in anyway. That comes from data for the year up to the end of March 2018, gathered through the rolling electronic census which includes statistics from social security, income tax and other States departments. [6]:15, Some of the Channel Island children, like some of the 1,500,000 British children[6]:ii that were evacuated from cities in 1939, would suffer mistreatment and abuse, physical, mental and sexual. Aurigny (aurigny.com) flies from London Gatwick to Guernsey from £100 return. Population of Guernsey increases. The Bailiwick of Guernsey consists of the Islands of Guernsey, Herm, Sark and Alderney, plus the smaller islands of Lihou, Jethou and Brechou. People in the North of England generally rallied to help the evacuees. [2] The adults who had stayed in the islands looked old, tired and thin and wore old clothes. [2] Islanders serving in the forces would attend meetings when possible.[23]. The occupation began on the 30th of June, 1940, when the British Government decided to demilitarise the Channel Islands, effectively leaving them undefended. They decided to publish the Channel Island Monthly Review, despite a ban on new periodicals in August 1940 because of paper shortages. Finally on 9th May 1945 the German Commander surrendered and the first British Troops landed in St Peter Port from HMS Bulldog. Beyond this point the population is projected to fall, declining to 59,000 by 2065. Guernesey garde des séquelles historiques, physiques et culturelles de la Seconde Guerre mondiale.Les bombardements et l’occupation de l’île ont poussé la moitié de la population à se réfugier au Royaume-Uni. [2], Some reception centres run by The Salvation Army and WVS helpers were surprised to discover that Channel Islanders could speak English, having arranged for translators to be available, islanders answering questions put to them in French with their own local Patois which the translators could not understand. [27], Over 90 local "Channel Island Societies" were established in England, with weekly meetings and arranged social events, including card games and dances. The Review included a collection of articles and poetry relevant to Channel Island people and personal comments received from Red Cross messages that might affect other islanders, such as births, marriages and deaths and greeting messages. Every year islanders celebrate their freedom on Liberation Day, 9th May, a public Bank Holiday. 5621230. Filter options. 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